Non – Governmental Organisation Activities
Priority Targeted Intervention for Groups at High Risk.
The objective of Targeted Intervention Programme is to reduce the rate of transmission among the most vulnerable and marginalized population. One of the ways of controlling the disease from further spread is to carry out direct intervention programmes among these groups through multi–pronged strategies, beginning from behaviour change communication, counselling, providing health care support, treatment for STD, and creating an enabling environment that will facilitate behaviour change. Targeted Intervention is one of the most important components of the National AIDS Control Programme – Phase II.
Collaboration with NGOs since 1999
In National AIDS Control Programme, Phase I 1992 to 1999 emphasis was given on awareness campaigns and environment building activities in the state. But in National AIDS Control Programme, Phase II 1999 to 2004 the focus has been shifted from awareness to change in behaviour through intervention, particularly for groups at high risk of contacting HIV/AIDS.
Initiative of Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society. Status of Targeted Intervention Project since 1999
|I||1999 – 2000||9||8||0||0||0||0||17|
|II||2000 – 2001||8||11||0||1||1||1||22|
|III||2001 – 2002||4||13||4||1||1||1||24|
|IV||2002 – 2003||6||11||5||0||0||0||22|
|V||2003 – 2004||11||17||4||1||0||0||33|
In 1999–2000 Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society took a lead and initiated 17 intervention activities. Out of which, 8 NGOs were working with long distance transport workers i.e. truckers intervention projects on highways in Pune, Nashik, Dhule, Raigad, Nagpur districts. While 9 were working with sex workers in Thane, Sangli, Pune, Kolhapur, Satara districts.
During the year 2000–2001, Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society funded 22 Targetted Intervention projects in the State out of which 11 were working with long distance transport workers in Pune, Nashik, Dhule, Raigad, Nagpur, Thane, Jalgaon districts, 8 were working on Commercial sex workers in Thane, Pune, Kolhapur, Satara, Nagpur districts and 1 with street girls in Pune district and 1 with Men having Sex with Men in 5 districts of Maharashtra and 1 with IVDU in Thane district.
In the year 2001–2002 Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society funded 24 intervention projects in the State out of which 13 NGOs were working with long distance transport workers in Thane, Pune, Wardha, Nagpur, Sindhudurg, Dhule, Solapur, Nashik districts, 4 were working with sex workers in Thane, Kolhapur, Nagpur districts, 4 with Migrant Labour in Thane, Nashik, Kolhapur, Raigad district. 1 with IDVU in Thane and 1 with Street children in Pune district, while 1 with men having sex with men in 5 districts of Maharashtra.
In the year 2002–2003 Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society supported 22 targetted intervention projects in the Sate out of which 11 NGOs were working with long distance transport workers in Nashik, Pune, Dhule, Thane, Sindhudurg, Wardha, Solapur districts. 6 were working with sex workers in Thane, Kolhapur, Latur, Parbhani, Nagpur districts, while 5 were working with Migrant Labour in Thane, Nashik, Raigad, Chandrapur and Kolhapur districts.
In the year 2003–2004, Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society is funding 12 new T.I. projects in Maharashtra alongwith the existing 21. We have thus reached the number of 33 interventions being implemented in 18 districts of Maharashtra. In addition to this we plan to scale up the existing projects as well as increase the number to 50.
Statement showing high risk districts, Map of ongoing Targetted Intervention Projects & Medico Social Information of Population with high risk behaviour, they are as given on the next page:
Advertisement for inviting applications from NGOs – to scale up the existing activity
In the year 2001–2002 advertisement was released in newspapers. In response to the advertisement the society received total 216 proposals (Sex Workers 34, Truck Drivers 78, Migrant Workers 24, Street Children 2, IEC (Mixed) 77, Men Having Sex with Men 1. After scrutiny and as per guidelines of NACO and World Bank 12 targeted intervention projects were launched in 2003.
In order to scale up the activity the advertisement was again released in the newspapers on 8th May 2003 which resulted in tremendous response and we received 439 proposals. (Sex Workers 70, Men having sex with men – 0, Truck Drivers – 189, Migrant Workers – 41, Auto Rickshaw – 10, Jail Inmates – 34) from all over Maharashtra. The initial scrutiny has been completed. We have shortlisted 35 NGO proposals. A short orientation workshop on proposal development is planned in February 2004. After completion of JAT visit the selected proposals will be put up in the Executive Committee of Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society for approval.