Tuberculosis and HIVA death in four of the world caused by tuberculosis – 456,000 out of a total 1.75 million deaths from the disease in 2007 – is linked to HIV, i.e. more than twice the proportion previously recognized, noted the WHO in its World Report 2009 on the fight against tuberculosis.
According to the executive director of the Global Fund against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Michel Kazatchkine, Tuberculosis causes more deaths among people living with HIV than any other disease, particularly making urgent for WHO to fight simultaneously against both diseases.
In view of these findings, it is urgent to identify, prevent and treat Tuberculosis in people living with HIV and to submit to an HIV test all TB patients, said the Director General of WHO Margaret Chan quoted in a news release.
For this, countries need to adopt programs to work more closely and have stronger health systems to fight against both diseases, said Chan.
WHO estimates that the total number of new cases has remained stable in 2007 with 9.27 million against 9.24 million recorded in 2006 and 8.3 million in 2000.
This slight increase in absolute value is linked to global population growth, says WHO notes however that the number of cases per capita is declining.
It is not deemed too slow, the number of cases per capita rising to 139 per 100,000 after reaching a peak of 142 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.