HIV positive people so that they don’t face discrimination at work, healthcare centres and other placesIt will ensure equal rights for
New Delhi: Government of India’s Law Ministry is soon expected to clear the draft of a bill that aims to prevent discrimination against HIV patients in a country that has one of the highest numbers of people afflicted with the disease.
But activists and health officials say this has come after many delays and hiccups.
By the end of this month the Law Ministry will send it to the cabinet for approval, National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) Chief K Sujatha Rao said.
NACO forms policy and implements programmes for the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS in the country.
“We have lost a lot of time. I am hopeful that the Bill will be tabled in the Winter Session of Parliament,” she said.
India has 2.5 million HIV and AIDS patients who more often than not have to battle discrimination and social ostracism at various levels.
The Bill aims to ensure equal rights for HIV positive people so that they don’t face discrimination at work, healthcare centres, in education and other settings.
“The Bill has been pending with the Law Ministry for a long time. There were some clauses that they had doubts about and some clauses they had wanted to remove. But we sat with them and made them understand that these clauses were important,” Rao said.
We had to re–do everything, explain why we needed certain clauses. Eighty per cent was rewritten again. By the end of this month, it will be sent to the cabinet, Rao said.
At a press conference last week, Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said, “The HIV Bill is with the Law Ministry.” This was the answer he had given to parliament in July this year as well.
Raman Chawla, an advocacy officer with the Laywers’ Collective that was involved in drafting the bill and campaigned for it, said it has been involved in many controversies since it was first drafted in 2005.
But the process for introduction of such a Bill was discussed way back in 2000, he said.
“It was during an international meeting in New Delhi in 2000 that the process was first started. The Bill was drafted after three years of extensive consultation that involved all stakeholders, including people living with HIV and AIDS, high risk groups, children, doctors, lawyers, trade unions and the government,” he added.
In 2005, the first draft was submitted to the Health Ministry. “But some changes were needed to be done, so the final draft was submitted to the Health Ministry in August 2006,” he added.
The bill was then sent to state governments and different ministries for their comments.
But problems cropped up when it went to the Law Ministry in August 2007. “They sat over it for one year. Finally, they came out with the first draft of the Bill in 2008. But it had serious problems,” Chawla said.
In January this year, the Law Ministry came out with the second draft, which removed all the controversial points. The Law Ministry then passed the final draft to NACO, which again had some problems with some of the clauses and therefore had to rewrite it again.
Finally, after seven months of intense deliberations, the Law Ministry is believed to have given the go–ahead.
The Bill also provides for a safe working environment for healthcare workers, protection for risk reduction programmes, special provisions for women, children and young people. It recognises the right of children and young people to access healthcare services and information in their own right.
Thursday, Jan 19th
Last update:05:44:44 AM IST