27 August 2010
New Delhi, India
The project aims to cover 60% of HIV positive pregnant women in the country with Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT) services and to diagnose and refer for treatment 70% of patients co–infected with HIV/TB. The project also seeks to strengthen capacity building, quality assurance, and supply chain systems under the National AIDS Control Programme.
The mother to child route is the second most common mode of transmission of HIV, after the heterosexual route and accounts for 5.4% of all HIV infections in India. "It is estimated that 0.48% of the antenatal mothers in India are HIV Infected which translates to nearly 65,000 HIV infected pregnant mothers per year. The Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT) programme aims to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV by providing the HIV infected pregnant women and their new born babies receive a single dose of prophylactic Nevirapine (NVP)," said the government in a statement.
According to the government, the project also seeks to consolidate the gains achieved in the past five years in the delivery of counselling and testing services, PPTCT and HIV–TB collaboration and further scale up these services so as to diagnose 65% of the estimated HIV positive population in India and link them with prevention, care and treatment services over three years.