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Homearrow News and Events Year 2010 HIV Prevalence Declines by 11.7 pc

HIV Prevalence Declines by 11.7 pc

Times of India
30 November 2010
Pune, India

HIV Prevalence Declines by 11.7 pc
Maharashtra has reported significant strides in assisting HIV+ patients, in terms of treatment and counselling, as well as in reducing the number of new infections. While the number of people who accessed the staterun Integrated Counselling and Testing Centres (ICTCs) rose from 93,650 in 2008 to 11,53,810 in 2010, the rate of HIV prevalence showed a decline from 16.42% in 2002 to 4.72% in 2010, said Dilip Deshmukh, additional project director of the Maharashtra State AIDS Control Society (MSACS), on Monday.

"The MSACS has been focusing on strengthening the services and improving its access, especially for the people with high risk behaviours, through targeted interventions across the state," Deshmukh said.

"The prevention of parent to child transmission (PPTCT) programme, which ensures that every pregnant woman gets screened for HIV and gets medical care has shown remarkable success," Deshmukh said.

"In 2002, the HIV prevalence amongst pregnant women was 3.15%. This has been brought down to 0.35%. This year, as many as 8,51,673 women got tested under the PPTCT programme against 21,047 in 2002. For the women in sex work, this rate was contained at 7.4%, a decline of almost 35% from the prevalence of 42.8% in 2004.

The MSACS, which runs a comprehensive HIV prevention care, support and treatment programme throughout the state, is implementing the third phase of the National AIDS Control Programme, which calls for decentralisation and subsequent strengthening of services at the district level.

This year three anti–retroviral therapy (ART) centres, three second line ART centres and 10 link ART centres have been opened at the district levels, Deshmukh said. "This has resulted in massive scaling up of the programme with an assurance that even the remote areas get covered."

"Maharashtra remains a primary destination for migrants due to the huge demand for manpower in various sectors, which include unskilled labourers and construction and industrial workers," Deshmukh said. "Risk perceptions among this population are low due to illiteracy and lack of knowledge about HIV.

Considering the significance of this issue, the MSACS is launching a state–level communication campaign for migrants from December 2010 to March 2011, covering around 20 districts where migrant population are high. This will ensure that the HIV prevention messages reach out to each and every migrant and he/she is motivated to access the available services," he added.

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