Times of India
02 April 2011
By Kounteya Sinha
New Delhi, India
‘In Last 30 Yrs AIDS Claimed 25 Million Lives’
Every three in 10 countries don’t have anti–discrimination laws that protect HIV/AIDS patients. However, the number of countries, which have such laws, has increased from 56% to 71% between 2006 and 2010.
According to a new report released by United Nations (UN) secretary–general on Friday to commemorate 30 years of the outbreak of the HIV/AIDS, less than 60% countries have a mechanism to record cases of HIV–related discrimination.
Around 49 countries impose some form of restriction on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV. Dozens of countries criminalise HIV transmission.
The report, recommendations of which will be reviewed by global leaders at the UN general assembly high–level meeting on AIDS that will be held in New York on June 8–10, said: "The year 2011 marks 30 years of AIDS. In that time, Aids has claimed more than 25 million lives and more than 60 million people have become infected with HIV.
"Still, each day, more than 7,000 people are newly–infected with the virus, including 1,000 children. Stigma and discrimination continue to undermine efforts to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support."
Secretary–general Ban Kimoon said: "According to new global goals for 2015, there ought to be concerted efforts to "end new HIV infections.
"Ensure that 13 million people are receiving HIV treatment by 2015, commit to reducing by 50% TB deaths among people living with HIV.
"Around 370,000 newborns contract HIV in low and middle–income countries each year. Reduce by 50% the number of countries with HIV–related restrictions on entry, stay and residence.
"We must intensify our efforts if we are to reach, by 2015, universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support and other unmet targets."
As of December 2010, six millions were estimated to be receiving antiretroviral therapy in low and middle–income countries.
In 2009, an estimated 33.3 million people were living with HIV a 27% increase from 1999. Globally, nearly 23% of all people living with HIV are younger than 24 years, and people aged 1524 years account for 35% of fresh cases.
While the number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy increased 13–fold between 2004 and 2009, the number of Aids–related deaths declined by 19% during the corresponding period.
The number of children orphaned by Aids increased from 14.6 million to 16.6 million between 2005 and 2009.
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