STI - Sexually Transmitted Infection
STI stands for sexually transmitted infection (STI) also called as venereal disease (VD), is an illness that has a significant probability of transmission between humans or animals by means of sexual contact, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, and anal sex. Sexually transmitted infections are infectious diseases that spread from person to person through intimate contact. Increasingly, the term sexually transmitted infection (STI) is used, a person may be infected, and may potentially infect others, without showing signs of disease. Some STIs can also be transmitted via use of an IV drug needle after its use by an infected person, as well as through childbirth or breastfeeding. Sexually transmitted infection (STI) is caused by a pathogen e.g. virus, bacterium, parasite, fungus. Sexually transmitted infections can be painful, irritating, debilitating, and life threatening.
STI or sexually transmitted infections can be spread in several ways
- Sexually transmitted infection is usually spread through sex because the bacteria or viruses travel in semen, vaginal fluids, and blood.
- Saliva (or spit) can sometimes spread STI if you have a tiny cut in or around your mouth. Infected blood on needles and syringes can spread STI.
- Infected women who are pregnant can pass Sexually transmitted infection to their babies during pregnancy and at childbirth.
- Except for hepatitis B, there are no vaccinations to prevent STI. If you get an STI once, you can get it again.
And, you can have more than one STI at a time. Many STI’s are easily treated, but all can be dangerous if ignored. For some STI, like genital warts, genital herpes or HIV, there is no cure today.
You may be exposed to infected body fluids and skin through vaginal, anal or oral sex if you don't correctly use a latex Condom. Anal sex is very risky because it usually causes bleeding. Sharing needles or syringes for drug use, ear piercing, tattooing, etc. can also expose you to infected fluids.Some STIs can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. Since infections are often spread when the infected person has no symptoms, most of the time you cannot tell if someone has an STI. People may not be aware that they are infected and do not discuss it if they are. No one is too young, too old, too rich, or too poor to get an Sexually transmitted infection.
Some people incorrectly believe that any transmission of an STI through sexual contact must occur through sexual intercourse. In some cases, infection can be transmitted through unprotected oral sex with an infected male or female. Sexually transmitted infections are spread through semen and vaginal fluids. If one partner is infected, and the other partner has an open sore in the mouth, the infection can be spread through genital fluids that can enter the wound.
Anyone who is sexually active can get a STI. Men and women of all ages, regions, ethnic backgrounds, and economic levels can get them. One out of four Americans between ages 15 and 55 will catch at least one sexually transmitted infection. However, sexually transmitted infection are most common among teens and young adults, with about two–thirds of all STIs occurring in people under age 25. This is because young people are more likely to be more sexually active and take more risks, and the cervix of a teenager is more likely to get infected by Chlamydia and gonorrhea. More than twenty sexually transmitted infections have been identified.
“You can’t get an infection or get pregnant the first time you have sex or if the guy doesn’t ‘Come’ inside the woman”.
Yes, you can. And sex doesn’t have to be full intercourse: you can catch an sexually transmitted infection (STI) just by having really close genital contact with an infected partner. Infection can be spread by body fluids or by oral sex. Protect yourself and your partner by using a latex Condom for any kind of sexual activity.