Viral STIs, such as genital herpes (HSV), human papillomavirus virus (HPV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), cannot be cured, but symptoms can be managed with medication. viral STIs may be suppressed with medication and have symptoms treated, but they cannot be cured.
Fungal (e.g., vaginal yeast infection) and parasitic (e.g., trichomoniasis) STI can be cured with antifungal and antihelminthic agents, respectively. Early diagnosis and treatment increase the chances for cure.
The treatment of STIs depends on the infection. A combination of amoxicillin (or ampicillin) followed by a tetracycline has been proposed for the treatment of uncomplicated gonococcal infection.In the case of gonorrhea or chlamydia, your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics such as azithromycin (Zithromax) or ofloxacin (Floxin) or give an injection of an antibiotic called ceftriaxone (Rocephin) followed by oral doxycycline.
Genital herpes is a lifelong infection with no cure. However, the blistering skin sores won’t last as long if you treat genital herpes with an oral antiviral medication as soon as symptoms of an attack occur. If you have frequent attacks, you should ask your doctor for a prescription for an antiviral medication, such as acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir) or valacyclovir (Valtrex) so that you will have it when you need it. Taking antiviral medicine every day may reduce the frequency of attacks by 80 percent in people who have frequent episodes of severe genital herpes.
Syphilis usually is treated with injections of penicillin. Genital warts can be removed by freezing or by applying ointments meant to dissolve the wart.
Treating STIs during Pregnancy
Many STIs can be treated during pregnancy. In is important to treat these diseases because some STIs pass through the placenta and the baby can contract them while in the womb. Still other diseases, such as HIV, can be transmitted through breastmilk. Herpes is transmitted during delivery. Women with Herpes will be given antiviral pills to treat the lesions and may have to have a Cesarean birth. Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics. This common STI can cause increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery and blindness in the baby when left untreated. Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics; untreated cases can cause miscarriage and preterm delivery, and may cause eye infections and pneumonia in the baby. Syphilis is treated with medication during the pregnancy, as it is easily passed on to the unborn child. It can cause fatal infections in newborns and premature births. Babies who survive from untreated women often have many organ problems including problems with the brain, eyes, ears and more.
A few other common STIs during pregnancy include Genital Warts, Hepatitis B. Genital Warts may not be treated until after delivery because it’s possible for the hormones from the pregnancy to make the warts grow larger. If the warts are large enough, it may be necessary to have a Cesarean delivery. Babies born with this can have terrible eye infection and pneumonia. It can be treated with antibiotics during the pregnancy. Hepatitis B can be transmitted through the placenta. Today, there is a lot of early screening and more vaccines that keep people from getting this disease. Babies who are exposed to it, however, will get a shot of antibodies to prevent him from becoming infected.