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Homearrow Awareness IDUs(Injecting Drug User) & HIV - What still needs to happen

IDUs(Injecting Drug User) & HIV - What still needs to happen

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What still needs to happen
Needle and Syringe Programme (NSP)
The risk factor for HIV and other BBV transmission is high in the sharing of injecting equipment with an HIV infected person or the re–use of contaminated needles and syringes. For those individuals who continue to inject drugs, the provision of needles and syringes through NSP reduces the need for sharing injecting equipment.

A study in 2002 from 103 cities in 24 countries showed that HIV infection rates declined by an average of 18.6% annually in 36 cities with needle and syringe programmes, while it increased by an average of 8.1% annually in 67 cities that did not have NSPs.

Research from around the world has established that NSPs
  • Are effective in the prevention of HIV.
  • Do not increase drug use.
  • Do not recruit new IDUs or lower the age of first injecting.
  • Do not increase the number of needles discarded in the community.
  • Are cost effective.
Advocacy of needle and syringe programme highlight that
  • Most injecting drug users are not in treatment.
  • Reaching and providing injecting drug users with risk reduction materials and services is crucial to reducing the injection and sex related risks that HIV poses for them, their sexual partners, their families and their community.
  • They attract out of treatment injecting drug users to risk reduction services, increase referrals to treatment and results in less HIV transmission.
  • They significantly decrease the amount of discarded syringes in a community.
Needle and syringe programmes need support from law enforcement officers who sometimes round up drug users who may be receiving services for prevention of HIV and force them into prisons where they may be even more vulnerable.

IDUs & The Law
  • Narcotic and Psychotropic substance Abuse Act.
  • The act does not effectively differentiate between a drug user and a trafficker.
  • Possession of needles and syringes can be criminalized as ‘Drug paraphernalia’.
  • In some jurisdictions medical prescriptions are required for the purchase of needles and syringes.
  • The drug laws promote equipment sharing by making access to clean equipment difficult and risky.
Join the Fight – Action Points
If you know someone who would benefit from the support offered by the drop in centres help them get in contact:
Mobile: +91 9970740921

You may not be an IDU but you could still be putting yourself at risk of HIV transmission through your drug intake, how? Alcohol & Unprotected Sex (without a Condom)

Alcohol & HIV
    Alcohol & HIV
  • When you drink you are more likely to engage in behaviours that place you at risk of HIV transmission.
  • Especially unprotected sex (sex without a Condom).
    Think before you drink always use a Condom
The Extent, pattern and trends of drug use in India. ONODC – ROSA & MSJE 2004

Websites Books
Panda et al (2002) Living with the AIDS virus: the epedemic and the response in India, Sage Publications, India. Akhavi N (Ed) (2008) AIDS Untold Stories from India, Random House India, India.

For more information on HIV in India and Pune, and getting tested visit:




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