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Sex Education - Oral Sex Explained

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Oral Sex Explained
    Oral Sex Explained
  • Fellatio (oral sex, blow job, giving head)
    • Licking and sucking the penis and testicles, usually with the penis penetrating the mouth.
  • Cullingus (oral sex, giving head)
    • Licking and sucking the vulva, clitoris and vagina
The Risk Factor
Both giving and receiving oral sex can lead to the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STI).

STI that may be passed on through oral sex are herpes type 1 virus, usually causing cold sores around the mouth and type 2 virus usually causing genital herpes sores. You may also be at risk from gonorrhoea and chlamydia, which can infect the throat of someone giving oral sex and you can get syphilis on the tongue and lips.

The hepatitis A virus is also contained in poo and may be passed on during oral sex around the anus (rimming). Hepatitis B is contained in sexual fluids and blood and may be transmitted during oral sex in a similar way to HIV. Hepatitis C is generally only contained in blood and so may only be transmitted if there is blood present during oral sex.

HIV (and hepatitis B, which is more infectious) can pose a small risk for both the active (person giving oral sex) and receptive (person receiving oral sex) partner. Both can occur when the active partner gets sexual fluid (semen or vaginal fluid) or blood (from menstruation or a wound somewhere in the genital or anal region) into a cut, sore, or ulcer somewhere in their mouth or throat. The linings of the mouth and throat are resistant to viral infections such as HIV, so infection is unlikely if they are healthy.

Transmission from an HIV positive active partner to an HIV negative receptive partner is less common. This is because HIV is normally only present in saliva in very low levels. There is a bigger risk of transmission from bleeding wounds or gums in the HIV positive person’s mouth or on their lips, which may transfer blood onto the other person’s genitals or anus, or into any cuts or sores they may have. Hepatitis C can also be transmitted this way.

Protect yourself
Condoms can dramatically reduce the risk of STI transmission during oral sex and a barrier, such as a dental dam, can also give protection. Lots of different flavoured condoms are available, which can make oral sex even more fun.

Rimming Explained
Licking, kissing and exploring your partner’s anus with your mouth.

The Risk Factor
Although poo (shit) doesn’t normally contain HIV, it does contain a large range of other organisms.

Protect yourself
To reduce the chance of infection, good anal hygiene before sex and good oral hygiene after sex is vital. Using a barrier like a dental dam to prevent poo (shit) from getting into your mouth can protect you from a range of intestinal parasites and hepatitis A.

Masturbation Explained
Masturbation - Its not just a man’s game Masturbation – Its not just a man’s game
Stimulating your genitals with your hand, which may include touching testicles, stroking the penis or vulva, or inserting fingers into the vagina.

Mutual masturbation is when partners stimulate each other’s genitals.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
  • Infections that can spread via sexual contact with an infected partner Or
  • Infections that can spread by an infected mother to the child at birth.
  • Need of early treatment for both the partners.
  • STI infected person has high chances of getting HIV and other BBVs.
  • Common STI can be easily curable if treated properly.
  • STI cannot be cured without proper treatment.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
STI Description & Risk
Genital Herpes (HSV)
Caused by a herpes simplex virus with ulcerating blisters occurring on the genitals or anal area. May be spread to the mouth.
Spread
  • Unprotected vaginal sex
  • Unprotected anal sex
  • Unprotected oral sex
  • Direct touch skin–to–skin
STI Symptom
Many people feel fatigued, and have a fever
  • Painful blisters itch, redden the skin, form into groups and ulcerate.
  • Ulcers crust and may heal with scarring.


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