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Sex Education - Complications & Treatment

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Complications & Treatment
Complications: The virus hides in nerve endings and reoccurs.
Treatment: Yes (Acyclovir – no cure).
Cure – No

STI Description & Risk
Genital Lice (CRABS)
Caused by the genital “Crab louse”, which transfers from the genital hair of one partner to the other, and lays eggs at the base of the hair, which hatch in 5 – 10 days.
  • Vaginal sex, protected or not
  • Direct touch skin–to–skin
STI Symptom
  • Intense itching in the genital hair area.
  • Produce small red bumps.
Complications & Treatment
Complications: Social embarrassment (if infected, highly discussed)
Treatment: Yes (special soap – Quell)
Cure – Yes

STI Description & Risk
Hepatitis B Information
Caused by a virus that invades the liver. 100 times more infectious than HIV. This STD can be prevented by vaccine.
  • Injected blood
  • Injected drugs (sharing needles)
  • Unprotected vaginal sex
  • Unprotected anal sex
  • Unprotected oral sex
  • Maternal blood to newborns
  • Sharing items with blood (i.e. razors, toothbrushes, instruments)
STI Symptom
  • Sudden flu–like illness with fatigue, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, fever.
  • Dark urine and jaundice.
  • 10% of carriers can spread the disease.
Complications & Treatment
Complications: Liver disease and failure
– Cancer of the liver
– Death
Treatment: Yes (rest, personal hygiene)
Cure: No (Preventative vaccine available)

STI Description & Risk
Syphilis Information
Caused by the Treponema pallidum bacterium which develop a staged disease over years. Highly contagious, but cannot survive outside the body. Affects the skin and any organ.
By contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or pus. – mother to unborn – direct touch – close body contact – unprotected anal sex – unprotected vaginal sex – unprotected oral sex – kissing – injecting blood (needle sharing)

STI Symptom
Early stages shows painless sores, swollen glands and skin rashes. Sores may be inside the vagina or anus and go unnoticed.
Stage 2. Rashes, new sores, flu–like symptoms, swollen glands, brain infection.

Complications & Treatment
Complications: Skin, bone, heart disease
– Brain disease
– Dementia
– Blindness if left untreated
Treatment: Yes (antibiotics). Sex contacts must be examined
Cure – Yes (with treatment)

STI Description & Risk
Trichomoniasis Info
Caused by the single–celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Vagina most common site in women, and the urethra in men.
Unprotected vaginal sex

STI Symptom
  • Itching, burning
  • Irritation inside the penis
  • Vaginal or vulval redness
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Frequent and/or painful urination
  • Discomfort during intercourse
  • Abdominal pain
Complications & Treatment
Complications: Premature delivery
– Increased HIV susceptibility
Treatment – Yes (antibiotics)
Cure – Yes (with treatment)




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